Mango Varieties
AMAN ABBASI

SCMD, Malihabad
BHADAIYA SUKUL

SCMD, Malihabad
SURKHA THAKURBAGH

SCMD, Malihabad
SADAPHAL MALIHABAD

SCMD, Malihabad
JAUHARI SAFEDA

SCMD, Malihabad
GOLA BHADAIYAN

SCMD, Malihabad
GILAS

SCMD, Malihabad
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           Participatory Four-Cell Analysis (FCA) tool was used by the Scientist of CISH and Bioversity International for understanding the community richness, evenness and community divergence of mango diversity to manage genetic resources on-farm and also to develop options for better livelihoods and income that provide incentive for conservation efforts. Different methods, tools and approaches to assess diversity on-farm were used by the scientists to engage and empower the community. The diversity data were used to quickly assess the conservation and use status of different varieties of mango in a community and generated information on why particular varieties have their status and help the community identify and agree on appropriate interventions for those varieties. Participatory diversity fairs and competitions were organized in Kasmandi Kalan to quickly assess locally available diversity and provide information and materials for developing community mango catalouge.
           Among different varieties of mangoes grown in the communities, Dashehari is the most popular variety. Other varieties such as Lucknowa, Chausa, Fazli, Jauhari Safeda, etc. are also grown by the several households but not at large scale. Varieties like Gilas, Malihabad Safeda, Abdul Khalid Khan, Acharwala, Amin Khurd, Fakira, Fakirwala, Gilas, Gola, Gola Bhadaiya, Gullu, Hathizhool, Heere Hayat, Intaquab, Jafarbagh, Jauhari, Kalua, Khasul Khas, Muntkhab, Nawab Pasand, Nayab, Ramkela, Benajir Sandila, Taimuria varieties evolved through seedling selection are cultivated by few farmers and that too at very small scale. Several rare varieties not known to masses are also grown by these farmers.
           Genetic diversity of mango seedling populations and traditional varieties within each community was assessed by conducting survey in 364 orchards of the four communities.  Ninety orchards in Gopramau, 109 in Kasmandi Kalan, 94 in Mohammad Nagar Talukedari and 71 in Sarsanda were studied and data indicate that about 10% of the total numbers of mango trees are of traditional varieties and seelings. Gopramau and Sarsanda have higher number of seedlings and noncommercial varieties. Dashehari and Lucknow Safeda were in higher proportions in Kasmandi Kalan and Mohammad Nagar Talukedari.



Number of commercial (Dashehari, Lucknow Safeda, Chausa, Langra) and non commercial mango variety trees in 4 communities (based on 364 orchards)
Surveys indicate difference in varietals profile of these communities and there are few thousands of seedlings and non commercial varieties with the farmers, could not be included in survey. Thus, there is an urgent need for on-farm conservation of diversity.


Community
Trees of commercial varieties Trees of Non-commercial varieties Total mango plants Non commercial varieties (%) Trees of commercial varieties (%)
Gopramau
6641 1566 8207 19.08 80.91
Kasmandi Kalan
12242 751 12993 5.78 94.21
Mohammad Nagar Talukedari
10559 445 11004 4.04 95.95
Sarsanda
5044 688 5732 12.00 87.99
Total
34486 3450 37936 9.09 90.90

Important Links: Mango Resources Information System
  Central Institute For Subtropical Horticulture
  Bioversity International
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