Mango Varieties
AMAN ABBASI

SCMD, Malihabad
BHADAIYA SUKUL

SCMD, Malihabad
SURKHA THAKURBAGH

SCMD, Malihabad
SADAPHAL MALIHABAD

SCMD, Malihabad
JAUHARI SAFEDA

SCMD, Malihabad
GOLA BHADAIYAN

SCMD, Malihabad
GILAS

SCMD, Malihabad
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Untitled Document

Holds the Tradition of mango growing
Parmeshwar Sharma
Introduction
He is a 75-year-old farmer, maintaining a mango orchard as his major source of livelihood. He is primarily a mango grower who maintains 44 varieties of mangoes, including 40 indigenous and seedling types.Average age of the trees in his orchard is 30. The mango diversity maintained consists of mainly non-commercial types. Area under mango cultivation is about 1 ha. He does not have sufficient irrigation facilities and if provided, increased production of the non commercial varieties can be increased.

Motivation
Interest in maintaing mango varieteis by his father is the major driver for maintaining the mango diversity by Mr Sharma. He considers non commercial varieties not as a good source of income but also family members and relatives enjoy the taste of early and late mango varieties and fruits are available for consumption for a longer period. Fruits are distributed to relatives and dead trees are used for timber.

Unique Features
Early as well as late season varieties are maintained in his orhard. He shared mango varieties from his orchard for planting them in community diversity gardens. These non commercial varieties are considered as valuable heritage by his family members. Mango seedlings and grafts of different varieties makes his collection diverse, however seedling mangoes are the unique features of his collection.

Maintenance
Unique varieties maintained are as follows:- Surkha: Fruit size medium, mid season, taste of unripe fruit acidic, sucking type, peel colour green yellow with red blush, pulp fibrous. Amin: Fruit size medium, mid season, taste of unripe fruit acidic, suitable as table variety, peel colour yellow, pulp with less fibers. Gola: Fruit size medium, mid season, taste of unripe fruit acidic, suitable as table variety, peel colour orange yellow, pulp fibrous. Khasul Khas: Fruit size medium, time of ripening late, taste of unripe fruit acidic, suitable both as table and sucking variety, peel colour green yellow, pulp with abundant juice. Jard Amin: Fruit size medium, mid season, taste of unripe fruit acidic, suitable for table purpose, peel colour orange yellow, pulp with less fibers. Taimuriya: Fruit size medium, time of ripening late, taste of unripe fruit acidic, suitable for table purpose and sucking variety, peel colour greenish yellow, with moderate fibers.

Source: Custodians of Tropical Fruit Tree Genetic Resources in India

 

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  Central Institute For Subtropical Horticulture
  Bioversity International
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